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Date & Time

Panchang For 14 April, 2021

Panchang for
Sunrise (Local/Standard) Moonrise (Local/Standard)
Sunset (Local/Standard) Moonset (Local/Standard)
Sun Sign Moon Sign
Sun Nakshatra Moon Nakshatra
Hindu Maah Vichaar
Suryamasa Tithi
Chandramasa(Poorimaant/Amaant) Ending Time Of Tithi
Paksha Vaar
Yoga Ending Time Of Yoga
Shaka Samvat Vikram Samvat
Nakshatra, Yoga and Karan
Karan Ending Time Of Karan
Nakshatra Ending Time Of Nakshatra
Nakshatra Vichaar
Nakshatra Lord Gana
Naadi Yoni
Yunja Paaya
Yoga Graha Dasa
Total Year Of Graha Dasa
Kaal Vichaar
Starting Time Of Amrit Ghadi Duration Of Amrit Ghadi
Starting Time Of Varjayam Duration Of Varjayam
Starting Time Of Rahu Kaal Duration Of Rahu Kaal
Starting Time Of Gulika Kaal Duration Of Gulika Kaal
Starting Time Of Yamagandam Duration Of Yamagandam
Starting Time Of Durmuhurta Duration Of Durmuhurta


A Panchangam or Panchang is the Indian calendar or the almanac, which calculates important dates in a tabular form by referring to traditional Hindu timekeeping units. Some states in India like Bengal, Odisha and some others refer to the Panchangam as Panjika.

Panchangams are made every year by renowned Hindu scholars, authors, Hindu societies and Hindu universities. Though they might differ minutely, the basic calculation is the same in all. They calculate lunar and solar eclipses, famous festivals, forecast weather and also some other day to day occurrences.

One has to know the various Hindu Rasiphals (hindu Zodiac Signs) and their impacts on the individuals while studying the Panchang. It is often referred to conduct auspicious events like marriages, functions, business events and other religious activities.

To draft a Panchang requires tough and complicated mathematical calculations which involve complex geometry of the spheres and many astronomical phenomena. But ancient Vedic Scholars and saints have left behind short cuts and formulas to accurately calculate the panchang. These are used by scholars of today for the tabulation of the dates in the panchang.

A typical Panchangams has accurate positioning of the Sun, moon and other celestial bodies every day of the year mentioned in a tabular form. The positions are mentioned in lieu to a particular time and their longitudes and latitudes. The remaining data can be calculated by the user by using the relative time difference method.

Many scholars have calculated Panchangams mentioning the information for many years. A Vishvavijaya Panchangam is one such panchangam having data of 100 years. There are some theories mentioned in the ancient scriptures of Surya Siddhanta and the Grahalaghava which have hints and information for the calculation of the Panchangams. Out of these, the Grahalaghava was formulated some 600 years before only and the Surya Siddhanta was compiled ages ago. But these 2 had contradictory calculations and predictions and so, a committee of experts from different parts of India was appointed by the government of India to prepare the Panchangam in which the positions of the Nakshatras and grahas are calculated accurately and mentioned.

This practice first came into being in the 1957 and thus the first National Panchang was compiled by the Government of India. The Saha and Lahiri Ephemeris is published annually and is used in the English almanac of Vedic astrology along with the various regional Panchangs.


It was very tough to accurately calculate the panchangam because of the fast movement of the moon. All the tithis, Rasi, Yoga and Nakshatras depended upon the motions of the moon. The Panchang was called so because in Sanskrit, ‘Panch’ means five, meaning having 5 limbs. If the 5 attributes namely the rasi, tithi, yoga, Nakshatra and the Karana were calculated accurately, the panchang or the almanac was considered reliable.

Below are descriptions of the 5 attributes or limbs of the Panchangam:

1. Tithi: Tithi is the ending moment of the elongation of Moon, the angular relationship between moon and sun and the lunar day. Tithi is also equal to 12 degree of difference between the sun and the moon.

The Hindu Tithis are distributed into the following five types:

o Nanda Tithi – this one showers happiness and joy
o Bhadra Tithi – this tithi is good for starting some new work
o Jaya tithi – considered auspicious to win over enemies
o Rikta tithi – it is not good for any important work so one should avoid it
o Poorna tihi – it is considered very good for completing all jobs

Shukla Paksha : This is the period of 15 Tithis starting from the New Moon to the Full Moon
Krishna Paksha: This is the period of 15 Tithis starting from the Full Moon to New Moon
Tithis are called by the below listed Names:

Tithi Name Type

1 Pratipada Nanda
2 Dvitiya Bhadra
3 Tritiya Jaya
4 Chaturthi Rikta
5 Panchami Poorna
6 Shashthi Nanda
7 Saptmi Bhadra
8 Ashtami Jaya
9 Navami Rikta
10 Dashmi Poorna
11 Ekadashi Nanda
12 Dwadashi Bhadra
13 Tryodashi Jaya
14 Chaturdashi Rikta
15 Poornima / Amavasya Poorna

2. Nakshatra: It is the elongation of Moon of asterism of day which means the stellar mansion in which the moon is located at the center of the Earth for the observer. It means ‘that which does not decay.’ A nakshatra equals to 13 degrees and 20 minutes of the zodiac. 360 degrees has 27 nakshatras.

Nakshatras indicate the Yoni, Nadi and Gana of individuals as described below:

a. Yoni:

Nakshatras Yoni

Punarvasu, Aslesha Cat
Magha, Purvaphalguni Rat
Aswini, Satabhisha Horse
Rohini, Mrigasira Serpent
Anuradha, Jyeshta Deer
Swati, Hasta Buffalo
Krittika, Pushyami Sheep
Poorvashadha, Sravana Monkey
Uttarashadha (Abhijit) Mongoose
Ardra, Moola Dog
Chitra, Visakha Tiger
Uttaraphalguni, Uttarabhadra Cow
Dhanista, Poorvabhadra Lion
Bharani, Revati Elephant

b. Gana:

1. Deva - Divine
2. Rakshas - Demon
3. Manuj - Human

Nakshatras which are assigned to Ganas:

Nakshatras Gana

Bharani, Rohini, Ardra,
Poorvaphalguni, Uttaraphalguni, Poorvashadha,
Uttarashadha, Poorvabhadra, Uttarabhadra ---> Manuj

Aswini, Mrigasira, Punarvasu, Pushyami,
Hasta, Swati, Anuradha, Sravana, Revati ----> Deva

Krittika, Aslesha, Magha, Chitra, Visakha,
Jyeshta, Moola, Dhanista, Satabhisha ----> Rakshas

c. Nadi:

1. Madhya: Pitta
2. Adi: Vata
3. Antya: Kapha

Nakshatras which are assigned to Nadis:

Nakshatras Nadi

Bharani, Mrigasira, Pushyami, Poorvaphalguni,
Chitra, Anuradha, Poorvashadha, Dhanista,
Uttarabhadra Madhya (Pitta)

Aswini, Ardra, Punarvasu, Uttaraphalguni,
Hasta, Jyeshta, Moola, Satabhisha, Poorvabhadra Adi (Vata)

Krittika, Rohini, Aslesha, Magha, Swati,
Visakha, Uttarashadha, Sravana, Revati Antya (Kapha)

3. Karana: Elongation of moon of half of tithi. One Karana equals to 6 degrees of difference between the sun and the moon.

4. Yoga: Elongation of moon of the angular relationship between moon and sun. Yoga is equal to 13 degrees. 360 degrees has 27 yogas.

5. Rasi: EM of rasi.

A Panchang has daily predictions of the yoga, tithi, rasi, karana and nakshatra. The importance of using the panchangam has increased over the past 5000 years. The panchangam has years, months explained briefly and they form important aspects of every panchang. These are useful for prediction and other such uses.

It is important that the saints and other vedic astrologers know how to read the panchang. Different slots of the day are mentioned with different terminologies and one must know all these terms properly. A panchang is published in English too and called the ephemeris. A lahiri ephemeris is similar to a Sanskrit panchangam and is used extensively.

A year can be predicted in many ways on the basis of its luni-solar calendar, Jupiter entry, solar entry or the lunar entry but samvatsara is the most widely used practice. It is a 60 years cycle based on the solar entry. Each zodiac sign is denoted by 5 years right from Pramadi and then the 60 years are distributed equally in a successive order amongst the 12 rasis right from Mesha that is Aries to Meena that is Pisces. In astrological terms, the varsha is the solar calendar of months and years which begins with the sun entering the Mesha rashi and completing its full circle of the 12 signs within 12 months. This entire procedure is explained in a cycle of 60 years.

The lunar months in India are followed on the basis of two kinds: The full moon ending and the new moon ending. Lunar months with the full moon ending are used for prediction.

The Muhurtha astrology, predictive astrology, horary astrology follows a unique system of vedic calculation in which the Nakshatras are grouped into 9 sub-groups. Each sub-group consists of 3 stars and is named as ‘tara’ with a malefic or benefic defining prefix. The vedic astrology used in India widely uses this practice.


A panchang is basically used to check the different Hindu festivals and other auspicious times and days to pre-plan events. There are various elements in a Panchang which mean auspicious and others which mean inauspicious by the combinations of the weekdays and constellations.

An auspicious moment is selected only after the shudhi or the purification time. Beneficial transits, absence of malefic yogas, purified ascendants, chanting of mantras, place of event, omens, and many more such procedures are examined before selecting the auspicious time.

The idea behind its utility is the ancient belief that every action will bring an equal or opposite reaction. Therefore, if an individual acts in parlance and harmony with its nature and environment, the environment too will bestow a harmonious blessing on the individual. It will bring peace, stability and positive gains for us. Time is considered utmost important in a panchang and one should know the quality of a particular time period so that one can fine tune with the nature at that time.


Rahukalam is the inauspicious time in the panchang and it plays a significant role in the Vedic astrology. One should refrain from doing anything new, buying new items or important works during this period. Rahukalam of every place differs as it is calculated with the help of sun set and sun rise time of every place. Every day has one and a half hour time of rahu kalam and this is randomly distributed throughout the week.


Yamagandam are periods just like rahukalam which are considered inauspicious too.

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